Harm, risks and consequences


The FAI is recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). As such, it adheres to the "Olympic Charter" and "the fundamental principles of Olympism".

"Olympism is a philosophy of exalting and combining in a balanced whole the qualities of the body, will and mind. Blending sport with culture and education. Olympism seeks to create a way of life based on the joy found in effort, the educational value of good example, and respect for universal fundamental ethical principles."

Doping violates these fundamental principles.

What does ‘Strict Liability’ mean?

The principle of strict liability applies to all athletes who compete in any sport with an anti-doping programme. It means that athletes are responsible for any prohibited substance, or its metabolites or markers found to be present in their urine and/or blood sample collected during doping control, regardless of whether the athlete intentionally or unintentionally used a prohibited substance or method. Therefore, it is important to remember that it is each and every athlete’s ultimate responsibility to know what enters their body.

The rule which provides that principle, under Code art. 2.1 and art. 2.2, states that it is not necessary that intent, fault, negligence, or knowing use on the athlete’s part be demonstrated by the Anti-Doping Organization to establish an Anti-Doping Rule Violation.

RISKS: Are SUPPLEMENTS safe to take?

Extreme caution is recommended regarding supplement use. The use of dietary supplements by athletes is a serious concern because, in many countries, the manufacturing and labelling of supplements is not regulated, which may lead to a supplement containing an undeclared substance that is prohibited under anti-doping regulations.

A significant number of positive tests have been caused by the misuse of supplements. However, attributing an Adverse Analytical Finding to a poorly labelled dietary supplement is not adequate defence in a doping hearing.

The risks of taking supplements should be weighed against the potential benefit that may be obtained. Athletes must also appreciate the negative consequences of an Anti-Doping Rule Violation as a result of taking a contaminated supplement .


If you are found to be involved in doping, the social consequences can be wide ranging and extremely detrimental to all areas of your life.

"The goal of Olympism is to place sport at the service of the harmonious development of humankind, with a view to promoting a peaceful society concerned with the preservation of the human dignity." 


The use of doping substances, concepts or methods may have unintended side effects such as:

  • Death
  • Hospitalisation
  • Disability or incapacity
  • Endangering the lives of others

Contact the Anti-Doping Manager